In the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” development plan, all levels of government have focused on independent research and development of automobiles. At the same time, the independent R&D capabilities of the more than 30,000 parts and components that make up automobiles have also been put on the agenda. However, whether the corresponding policy support can promote the R&D capabilities of component companies? In the interview, people in the industry generally expressed concern about this.
The sole proprietorship “rejects” R&D in China “The independent development of parts and components is divided into two types. One is the active R&D of parts and components companies. This is a revolution brought about by the breakthrough in the technology of parts and components. High-end advance development; the other is relatively low-end development, mainly based on the requirements put forward by the automaker, to determine the matching development or small-scale changes in the original technology.” Deputy General Secretary of Shanghai Automobile Industry Association Ma Daxiong Indicated.
But no matter what kind of development, Mr. Zhu, general manager of a wholly foreign-owned bearing company, will not develop in China. “If it is the former, it is generally conducted at a foreign research institute. It is not only well-equipped, but there are also some Nobel Prize winners who are conducting research. We only need to bring their R&D results directly to China for use. As for the latter, The possibility of making improvements in China is also very small, because as long as it involves major changes, we will take products to foreign companies for research and development and testing.” He said.
For many foreign-funded parts and components companies that have established R&D centers in China, Mr. Zhu believes that this does not mean that they are conducting research and development in China. “R&D is a process that goes through basic research, basic functional testing, and analysis and design. The current situation is that these companies are nothing more than doing a little local adaptation."
"In consideration of the maximization of the company's profitability, once the Chinese market needs new technology, the sole proprietorship company will always take it directly from abroad, and will not take the time and effort to do duplicate work." Another general manager of the wholly foreign-owned company, Mr. Liu Also indicated.
The joint venture purchases foreign technology "In joint ventures, generally foreign technology is superior to domestic ones, so even if China wishes to develop independently to improve its technical capabilities, foreign parties will not agree, because direct purchases from foreign countries are more simple and effective." Luo Jinling, Editor-in-Chief of Automobiles and Accessories.
"Chinese companies can't possibly be joint ventures with foreign companies that have no technology." Mr. Liu, a person in charge of a joint venture, said that "one of the objectives of the joint venture is for the introduction of future technologies." In his opinion, sometimes it is foreign. It is hoped that the joint venture will purchase its global R&D results. Sometimes the customer will have new technical requirements. However, independent research and development will have uncertainties in terms of time and results. Therefore, the joint venture will generally choose to buy directly from outside.
"If the R&D cost of a project is 10 million U.S. dollars, global companies will transfer technology to their global joint ventures after successful R&D. If there are 5 joint ventures to buy, then the cost of each is only 2 million U.S. dollars; and if the joint venture itself Research and development will require at least US$10 million, and it may take time and money to see results,” said Mr. Liu.
State-owned enterprises and private enterprises are suffering from financial difficulties. For state-owned or private enterprises that do not rely on their own, independent research and development is the only way out, but they are also facing financial difficulties. “We have always wanted to use nanotechnology on our parts and components, but if we go to study the technology ourselves, the result may not have been a result but the company has 'fighted for food'.” Road.
“The strength of the company has limited the independent research and development capabilities of Chinese local parts and components companies.” Luo Jinling said. Ma Daxiong further explained to the "Daily Economic News": "Foreign large-scale parts and components companies are strong enough to enter the world's top 500, while China's auto parts companies are generally less powerful, such as 2004 China's auto parts companies. The 500-strong champion Wanxiang Group also had a sales income of only 20.8 billion yuan. How does such capital strength compete with foreign giants? This has led to a deterrent to those independent research and development projects that require high input.
Therefore, Luo Jinling suggested that “the government can set up a unified R&D center to provide technical support and training for the independent R&D of the whole city and even the whole country. After a period of time, the government will attract overseas R&D centers for joint ventures.”
Parts "predators" are turning to China Co-existence of business opportunities crisis As domestic parts and components companies are struggling, foreign parts and "predators" have fought in China. The industry believes that this brings opportunities and crisis to the Chinese spare parts market.
A few days ago, Jiang Jian, deputy general manager of Delphi Automotive Systems (China) Investment Co., Ltd., told the media that “Delphi's business in North America must be closed, the sale must be sold, the transfer must be transferred, and it is not excluded. Domestic possibilities."
Tom Johnstone, president and CEO of SKF, the world’s largest bearing manufacturer, also expressed his determination to enter the Chinese market in an interview with “Daily Economic News” a few days ago. “We will continue to expand investment in China. At present, many projects have been launched."
Obviously, multinational auto parts companies have stepped up their efforts to invest in China and have brought unlimited business opportunities to China. However, industry insiders are not optimistic about this.
Jia Xinguang, chief analyst of China Automotive Industry Consulting and Development Co., Ltd., believes that the arrival of multinational parts companies has also brought a big crisis to domestic companies. "Compared to the Chinese auto parts suppliers, the global manufacturers The advantage is more obvious," he said.
Previously, Johnston also stated that "many of the world's latest models have arrived in China, which is very beneficial to our multinational corporations with the latest global technology, because local companies do not have this capability."
In fact, China's parts and components industry is playing a "battle of life and death", and domestic companies can continue to survive, and even go out of the country, there are many homework to do.

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